The author has noticed that people tend to have ambivalent attitudes on the topic of meditation, both privately and professionally. Personal experiences with meditation, as well as the opportunity to deal with these on a scientific level have provided motivation to complete this study in order to pass on the findings as a self-employed gerontologist. The aim is to examine the potentials and limitations of meditation to enhance the quality of life in the context of gerontology based on climacteric women. In addition to explaining and describing what meditation is, its effect on the function and structure of the brain, as well as neurobiology is established by evaluating recent studies. Which practical effects resulted from meditation on the body, psyche and on the social level? Changes in acute and chronic pain, stress levels and symptoms of menopause are recognised. Transformations in ones relationship with the self and perception of oneself together with ones own behaviour, learning aptitude and depression and other psychological aspects are observed. This is followed by the analysis of the effect of meditation on social relationships and on the influence of society on women in menopause. Finally, an empirically proved meditation exercise is described and explained. 9 experts from Austria, Germany, England and Australia share their knowledge, personal experiences and observations in the form of structured interviews. They are professionals in the fields of medicine, psychotherapy, palliative care, hospice care, teaching and life and social counselling and offer public meditation courses. The 9 interviews in combination with relevant literature are reviewed. Results of the study demonstrate a broad range of effects of regular meditation practice.