The goal of this master thesis was to analyze the effects of various distance dimensions on international entry strategies of companies via FDI. The reviewing method was applied to a sample of 39 studies to systematically examine the DV, the IV, the explanations for their correlation, and the empirical results. During this examination, the existence of five research streams (ownership level, establishment mode, partnership structure, strategic focus and hybrid) and two perspectives on FDI (principle of homogeneity vs. heterogeneity) was illustrated in regards to the structural form of the market entry (DV). Regarding the field of distance (IV), it appeared that just over 90% of the dimensions used relate to the core areas of culture, politics, and economy. Moreover, a change in trend (since 2004) has led to the investigation of other dimensions besides the CD. Seven theories were used to explain the relationship between distance and structure: internalization theory, institutionalism, resource-based theory, OLI paradigm, the theory of information economics, real option theory and the theory of vulnerability in joint ventures. Furthermore, the legitimacy of opposing hypotheses regarding the form of ownership structure in the course of three theories (internalization theory, resource-based theory and OLI paradigm) was revealed, in addition to the centrality of internalization theory. Overall, the findings on the ownership structure imply that, in the case of increased distance, adaptation measures can be carried out via expansion as well as reduction of the equity interest in the foreign venture (with the latter tending to occur more frequently). In regards to the establishment mode, a trend toward the use of greenfield ventures (relative to acquisitions) for entry into more distant markets was also observed.