The use of dialect in literary texts is not always limited to the characterization of natives, but can also appear in the depiction of foreigners. This thesis takes a closer look at this subject, asking where this particular combination can be found, and what topics, traditions and aesthetic functions are linked to it. The study bases on a corpus of texts from the area of Austria and Bavaria before 1800 and takes a detailed look at about 20 texts. The first part of this thesis outlines the theoretical and analytical framework. On the one hand, it refers to the history and to the literary and aesthetic range of dialect literature. On the other hand, it covers concepts of the own and the other, drawing especially on a relational understanding of the foreign.The results show three areas of literary depictions of foreigners in dialectal contexts: Firstly, the figures can appear as stereotyped characters. In this case, their foreign descent, their particular appearance and, first and foremost, their odd use of language is crucial. The use of dialect in these texts mostly refers to notions of everyday life and oral culture. Secondly, the figures can be used to illustrate a contrast between the own and the other, highlighting negotiations about the own, its key properties and boundaries. Foreigners in this context can serve as negative counterparts, particularly as 'savages', but also as positive models, thus supporting criticism against the own. Dialect can even reinforce these boundaries if it is used as a sociolect to qualify foreigners as members of lower social classes. Thirdly, foreigners can appear as part of the own. This concerns mainly texts with political or propagandistic intention: Foreigners may be depicted as loyal subjects of the Hapsburg Empire, praising Austria. In these texts, boundaries between the own and the other can become less important or be revoked, and dialect can be used as an instrument to indicate a common 'we' and 'here'.