The paper deals with the depiction and the function of the seasons in Goethes literary work and places it in the context of his natural-philosophical thinking. First of all, the genesis of the literary topos of the seasons will be reconstructed through methodological examples, that can be seen in visual arts as well, and through examples of folk art. In addition to that, Goethes perception of nature and his theories of perceptions and experience will be explained. A separate chapter will be dedicated to Goethes interest in weather phenomena, which has gained literary character in his natural-philosophical poem “Howards Ehrengedächtnis”. The thematic priority of this paper is Goethes lyric poetry and his novel The Sorrows of Young Werther. Goethes review of “Lyrische Gedichte” by J. H. Voß shows the life of a poet in the course of the seasons. The selected lyric works focus on the arrival of spring and the associations with the following motives: the experience of own liveliness and elementary vitality, the openness towards the world and love, as well as poetry itself. Moreover, Goethes complex interpretation of spring will be shown in Fausts Easter monologue. The analysis of the epistolary novel The Sorrows of Young Werther particularly refers to the spring-winter-antithetics. It reconstructs Werthers perception of nature and the functions referring to the change of seasons and the alternating weather phenomena within the work. The examination of “Elective Affinities” accentuates the ignorance of the seasons. The analysis of the novella “Der Mann von fünfzig Jahren” focuses on the depiction of winter and the symbolic quality of ice-skating.