AbstractWhen the pillars of sustainable development were set in the Rio Declaration of 1992, Albania officially ended the communist regime era. After more than 23 years urban waste management remains one of the most challenging problems in the cities. Waste management has become a problem that municipalities can no longer ignore. Cities are getting bigger as population is growing and the increasing economic welfare is directly influencing consumption patterns. Increased consumption results in more waste produced and considering Albanias urban waste management capacities, municipalities might face urban waste crisis in the near future, if actions are not taken. As is the case with developing countries, Albania lacks financial and human resources to tackle this issue adequately. However, literature reviews on the status of waste management in similar developing countries showed that there are affordable steps and techniques that can be used from Albanian municipalities. This thesis was conceptualized as a case study of Tirana municipality waste management practices where based on the available data, Integrated Sustainable Waste Management (ISWM) benchmark indicators were used to assess the current situation. Hence, the geographical boundary of this study is Tirana municipality. Tirana was selected as a case study because more than one third of the resident population lives here, representing the countrys profile of waste management problems and challenges. Meanwhile, ISWM benchmark indicators helped asses the current waste situation and determine the gravest problems of waste management practices of the city.The result of this study based on the indicators showed that Tirana municipality waste production is near to the threshold of ‘higher waste generating countries with 1kg waste/person/day. Therefore, the advisable way to tackle the problems based on the ‘waste hierarchy is focusing on reducing and reusing as the only practice to prevent waste generation. Currently, the municipality is focused in end of pipe solutions, such as upgrading the only available landfill in Tirana but the focus should be shifted to pollution prevention by educate people to live sustainably, use less and reuse more.