Women assume an important role in rural areas. Within agriculture and forestry, in particular, they act increasingly often as business managers, making them entrepreneurs. It was at a late stage, however, that their achievements and the challenges they face were taken into consideration by legislators. Considerable progress was made with regard to their social protection in the 1980s and 1990s. The aim of this thesis is to portray the legal position of women in rural areas from the point of view of legal history, paying particular attention to agriculture an forestry. Within this context, the main focus will be the developments in social security law. Against this backdrop, there will be a detailed discussion of the Act on Business Assistance (BHG) 1982, among others, whereby the benefits of the business assistance or the maternity allowance for self-employed mothers in agriculture and forestry were realised. In addition, the Part-time Employment Allowance 1990 and the Act on Childcare Allowance (KBGG) 2002 will be presented. The 16th Amendment to the Act on Social Security for Farmers (BSVG), known as the "pension for farmers' wives", which granted farmers' wives their own pension entitlement, independent of that of their spouse, for the first time in 1992, will also be exaimed in greater detail. Finally, there will be a closer study of Art 14 CEDAW, which considers the specific problems of women in rural areas.