The aim of the theoretical part in my thesis is to give a scientific overview of hemp. Therefore, I will give an insight into several aspects of hemp, including “hemp as an agricultural crop plant”, “hemp as a medicinal plant”, “hemp as a sustainable resource” and “hemp as a drug”. Furthermore, I will focus on the history, the biology and natural habitat of hemp as well as the chemistry of the resin and the cannabinoids. In the experimental part of my thesis I produced hemp-paper and bleached or dyed it in different ways by using easy available chemicals and materials. In addition to detailed reports of the production of hemp paper, the practical part offers instructions for producing hemp-paper in class and further information concerning the handling of chemicals.