This thesis object of interest are women, who were accused of their Nazi record by the Austrian peoples courts in Graz and Leoben. Their involvement in National Socialism as well as their individual attitude in the court towards the actions and accusations will be discussed.Firstly, an overview on the development of women and gender studies on National Socialism is provided. Based on this, a theoretical framework is developed, which serves as the foundation for the subsequent analysis and eventually leads to an answer to the research question.Secondly, the Austrian peoples courts as well as the „Verbotsgesetz“ (Prohibition Act) and the „Kriegsverbrechergesetz“ (War Criminals Act) are investigated. This section includes data on the function and actions of the Austrian peoples courts.Proceeding the first two introductory sections, the main part consists of eight case studies of women, who were accused in the Austrian peoples courts Graz and Leoben. At first, the cases are analysed and interpreted with a focus on the accusations, interrogations and verdicts of the accused women. Following this, the behaviour of the women and their strategies in the court will be addressed. Based on the framework acquired in sections one and two, all eight case studies will be interpreted in order to deliver a nuanced analysis of female Styrian perpetrators in the National Socialism and their behaviour in the Austrian peoples court.