This diploma thesis deals with the general question, which impacts the change of political surrounding conditions during the Second World War in Yugoslavia had on the daily life of German inhabitants in this country. First of all, there will be a view on the historical setting concerning the resettlement of German-speaking people and their placement in society during the period under Habsburg rule. The following three main questions will be introduced and dealt with in this thesis: First, the theory of collective guilt regarding the potential collaboration of the German inhabitants of Yugoslavia with the German Nazi Armed Forces during the occupation of Yugoslavia from April 1941 on, will be discussed. Drawing upon this, it should be investigated, which influence this idea of collective guilt had in the context of the the eviction of German inhabitants from Yugoslavia from 1944 onwards. The second question deals with the political and juridical background of the intended expulsion of German people at the end of WW II (‘AVNOJ-resolutions). The third question illustrates the escape of German inhabitants as a central theme and considers the situation of these people in concentration camps in Yugoslavia, which concerned especially people from the Serbian region of Banat. For this third question, discussions with a contemporary witness are added to the results found in literature, in order to get a closer and more subjective view on the procedures.The aim of this diploma thesis is to connect the issues of ‘escape and ‘expulsion of the German inhabitants of Yugoslavia from different points of view with the political progress in Yugoslavia in the mentioned period.