This thesis poses the question of how selected works of Chicana literature depict identity and agency of its female characters? To answer this question, I selected three highly influential texts from Chicana writers: Gloria Anzaldúas Borderlands/La Frontera (1978), Sandra Cisneros The House on Mango Street (1984), and Ana Castillos So Far From God (1993). A primary assumption of my research was understanding literary texts as privileged sources of cultural expression. Based on this assumption and preliminary analysis of the primary literature, I then developed my theoretical framework, which focused on identity and agency but was further supplemented by power and space. Regarding the theme of identity, my research found one central notion: the conflict of collective and individual identity. Collective identities are upheld and reconfirmed on multiple levels such as cultural history, role models, space, and a strict symbolic duality. The external judgement leads to an internal struggle of the characters which becomes the focal point of most plots in the texts, and a reconciliation of individual identity and context serves repeatedly as the marker of success. Regarding agency, spatial markers become a core instrument and successful agency becomes equated with the transgression of borders, the escape from the private sphere, and the successful creation of a public role. Additionally, the central role of individual identity and agency is continued on a meta-textual level by empowering the female reader to find meaning in the hyperbolic and contradictory fictional world.