South Africas apartheid regime lasted for almost half a century and had a great impact on the country's society, culture, politics and literature. This thesis presents an analysis of selected South African literary works before, during and after apartheid and investigates the question if these literary texts offer any solution to the issue of apartheid or if they primarily highlight the problematic complexity of this dark period in South African history. After the introduction, chapter 2 provides a historical and geographical overview of South Africa and its people. Since apartheid results from racial tensions that have emerged over many years it is necessary to have an understanding of historical developments in South Africa. Chapter 3 will give a deeper insight into apartheid, how it evolved, how it ended and in which way the aftermath of apartheid is still manifest. Apartheid, although officially abolished in 1994, is still an issue in South Africa nowadays. "Disgrace", a novel by J.M. Coetzee, for example, deals with the aftermath of apartheid. Chapter 4 focuses on literary landscapes and the issue of apartheid in South African literature. This chapter also provides information on literary movements in South Africa, e.g. protest writing, and investigates the different literary spatial images such as city and country. Chapter 5 deals in more detail with the texts selected for this thesis. These are the novel "Cry, the Beloved Country" by Alan Paton, the play "My Children! My Africa!" by Athol Fugard, the short story “Mrs Plum” by Eskia Mphahlele and "Disgrace", a post-apartheid novel by J.M. Coetzee. My analysis will explore the characters different viewpoints on apartheid and analyse how apartheid is mediated within the fabric of the literary text. Moreover, there are three sub-chapters dedicated to animals, and the concepts of ‘boy and masculinity with regard to apartheid in my chosen literary works, as those seem to be reccurring images. The findings of my literary analysis will be presented in the final chapter, which is my conclusion.