The present master thesis provides an insight into the historical developement of the academic discipline curative education and special needs education to inclusive education. Furthermore it takes a look at segregation and murder of disabled persons during different epochs and draws potential comparisons. Following up the multiplicity of assignments about the history of special needs education it is possible to illustrate in a strengthened way the historical correlations and in particular correlations with the evolutions in different universities in Austria. The analysis of the references is carried out in a historical systematic intention of hermeneutics.As a result of the investigation arise the different meanings of the term curative education during diverse epochs. The spectrum comprises besides pedagogic, psychological, medical, theological and sociological focuses. The staffing of university professors in the department of curative education and special needs education respectively inclusive education in the universities of Vienna, Klagenfurt, Innsbruck and Graz emphasizes the affinity of the discipline to medical science, psychology and sociology. Merely a small percentage of scientists gives a lecture on pedagogics or educational science respectively. On the other hand the results show how disabled people suffered from the phenomenon of exclusion, intolerance and stigmatization during different ages, obviously still existing situations in the present age despite the idea of inclusion.