Recent so-called PISA results brought Austrian school policy down to earth, since low qualification of reading skills of native pupils has been recovered. In reaction to this fact not only improved school-teaching of German literature is to be considered but we also must include school-teaching of several other special subjects for didactic reasons. Besides acquiring reading skills, the core of work with reading, however, is in particular the dealing with issues of everyday life as well as with questions regarding existence and subsequently intellectual education. For this purpose teaching philosophy appears as being especially congenial. Therefore, this thesis shall pursue the question if and to what extent profane literature, for example a fairy tale, is methodically applicable in philosophy education, in order to convey values and ethics. After an explanation of relevant terms and definitions and after having presented suitable methods, in the theoretical section, the magisterial work is developping a connection between philosophy and the treasure trove of fairy tales. In the practical section the precise implementaion of the connection between fairy tales and the mediation of morals and ethics is depicted. The illustrative model consists of two teaching philosophy units, which are being tested in three twelve-grade-classes of the BG/BRG Lichtenfels. Individual methods and approaches of this exemplary education are being evaluated by pupils with the aid of a questionnaire. On the pupils side a positive resonance emerges regarding fairy tales as well as the aptitude of combining the epical literary genre with moral and ethical subject matters.