The present thesis focuses on different aspects of the sport of basketball. Special focus lies on basketball at school, due to my intent to add value to the school development. This is emphasized through practical forms of exercises and games, which provide a methodological application in schools. The first chapter outlines the historical development of the worldwide popular sport. This extends from the basketball-like sports of indigenous peoples, through the actual birth of basketball by the Canadian educationalist James Naismith at the end of the 19th century, to the global standardized adaptation of rules. The main focus of the thesis is concerned with general requirements for teaching basketball, the motivational aspect of basketball, and practice-oriented parameters for the implementation of teaching basketball in schools. Furthermore, a number of exercises of basic basketball techniques are revealed, which include significant elements for the training of a successful basketball player. These are methodologically structured and thus cover basic skills as well as complex variations. Additionally, the thesis introduces basketball and language with an example of the school sport club KOŠ Celovec/Klagenfurt and a sports-language-project of the Slovenian Sports Association. Another aspect includes basketball training in disabled sport, with the example of the initiative sport.und.mehr, which has been offered since 2014. This aspect implies organizational frameworks, sequences of trainings, interviews and forms of games. The thesis concludes with risks and main injuries of basketball players.