The subject of this paper is to present the life of Adam Hefter (1871-1970) and his pastoral care as the prince-bishop of the Diocese Gurk. At first, the most important stages of his life are outlined. They are sketched in the historical context, which includes: The First World War, the era of National Socialism and the conflict with the Carinthian Slovenes. Since the pastoral care by Hefter is the main topic of the thesis, his role and his actions as a bishop and a pastoral carer are emphasised. That includes his influence on the implementation of the then prevailing pastoral concepts, in particular the mission to the people or retreat movement in the Diocese Gurk. Moreover, his activities in the field of pastoral care, for instance, the development of a soul state cadastre, the introduction of Perpetual Adoration and the reorganization of the preaching of homilies are highlighted. Also his commitment to improve priest education, to strengthen the religious orders life and his relationship to convents located in his diocese is pointed out. Additionally, his support for the Catholic Action association and the parish committees is stressed. Among sources used in writing this thesis there are memories of witnesses who used to meet Adam Hefter as he retired as a Bishop of Gurk and settled in Bayern. The paper ends with a summary, photographs from Adam Hefters life with brief explanations and his farewell pastoral letter to the clergy and the farewell pastoral letter to the faithful.