Crime is a constant companion in our daily lives, whether a holiday murder mystery or the numerous reports about violent crime in the media. Due to its timeliness this topic is of interest, which is why the research deals increasingly with the development of crime. This historical crime research examines violent crime, as well as its sanctioning in the cultural and historical context. Therefore, illustrated broadsheets of the early modern period represent a interesting source, because they shed light on the cultural and historical background of the time and present cruel crimes in writing and illustrations. Moreover, they offered the possibility to implement educational goals of the nobility and detered potential offenders through a gruesome display of crimes. The function of these representations depended on the intention of the publisher: Were it sensational news, did they serve educational purposes and deterrence or the satisfaction of the sensationalism of the public? In connection with the function of these prints is the question of their validity: Did the offenses happen in fact, or do they tell stories, which served the purpose of entertainment? Is there any evidence in the broadsheet that indicates a ‚wahrhafftige gschicht‘?These questions are addressed in this work on the basis of illustrated broadsheets, which were published from 1534 and 1585 about murder offenses. At first, the current state of the broadsheet- and crime research is evaluated, as well as the characteristics of the medium. Then, a short outline of the topics crime and violence felony is given, as well as a description of the legal- and penal system of the early modern period. In chapter 5 the analysis of the broadsheets is conducted, which is used as a basis for the evaluation of the prints and the research question in chapter 6.