The course of history reveals that gym classes have certainly not always played an essential role in society. In order for gym classes to be employed in the school curriculum, many obstacles had to be overcome in the course of time. Nowadays, gym classes have their inherent part at school. However, discussions about the meaningfulness and justification of sports are not uncommon. Therefore, the theoretical part of this thesis deals with the tasks of school sports and it names reasons for sports being a significant component at school. Additionally, an overview of the historical developments in the field of school sports after the 18th century is provided. A brief insight into the concept of schools focusing on sports as well as into their tasks functions as a transition from the theoretical to the empirical part of this thesis.The empirical section is based on interviews with Andrea Hammer, Josef Laure, Wolfgang Meixner, Heinz-Peter Koch and Christian Schwarz. It consists of the description of two Austrian school types, namely the Neue Mittelschule (NMS) Eisenerz and the BORG Eisenerz. The descriptions deal with the general structure as well as the aspirations of the schools and their current sports facilities plus reasons for the choices. In addition to the characterization of the NMS Eisenerz, an outline of the education at Nordisches Ausbildungszentrum (NAZ) Eisenerz is given. Finally, occurring problems and obstacles in the past as well as in the present at BORG Eisenerz are mentioned.