This thesis offers teaching material on the topic of diversity based on literary and audiovisual texts for Italian foreign language classes. In todays globalized society, diversity is part of everyones life and hence it is essential to educate children to be tolerant and open-minded. In spite of the high potential that filmic and literary texts offer for teaching foreign languages, they are still largely neglected in the classroom. The Common European Framework of Reference and the Austrian national curricula mention their use only briefly. In addition, both literary and audiovisual texts are rarely used in class and because of the introduction of the new centralized Matura, many teachers are under the impression that they do not have enough time to work with films and books. This thesis intends to show, however, that the use of these kinds of texts in the classroom is not a waste of time. On the contrary, with the help of literary and filmic texts numerous topics can be covered and various competences relevant to the new Matura can be developed. In addition, authentic texts can be used right from the start of foreign language learning. In the practical part of this thesis, teaching units for three different levels of competence are proposed. First, a teaching unit for level A1 based on the illustrated book Un vero leone is proposed, which deals with the topic of accepting diversity. The second unit is a literature project on the topic of immigration for level B1 based on the books Nel mare ci sono i coccodrilli, Le arance di Michele and Viki che voleva andare a scuola. The last teaching unit, intended for students at level A2, covers the topic of autism and is based on the movie Pulce non cè.