My dissertation is about the National Socialism between 1938 and 1945 on a local level. The Voitsberg county, located in the west of Styria, serves as a case study. In the center stands the local leadership of the NSDAP. The Kreisleiter, the staff of the Kreisleitung, the mayors and the Ortsbauernführer were part of the local leadership. The Kreisleiter held an exceptional position, because of the extreme personalisation of the NS-ruling system. My main research approach is the question, how the local leadership of the NSDAP influenced the specific form of the National Socialism on a local level. Has there been such a thing as regionalism in the centralistic NS-state? The current state of research of the National Socialism in the county of Voitsberg will be critically reflected. Mainly my dissertation is located between the fields of local history and history of the National Socialism.For the biggest part, the content of my dissertation consists of the events in the Voitsberg county, between 1938 and 1945. Again, the focus lies on the local leadership of the NSDAP. Besides the NS-offenders, the victims of the National Socialism, will also be part of the dissertation. Self same will be effective for the many forms of resistance against the NS-rule. Alongside the offenders, the victims and the resistance fighters, the big mass of the population of the Voitsberg county, which were not part of one of the three categories, will be mentioned. Generally my dissertation is an input to a specific research of the events in the Voitsberg couny between 1938 and 1945, with the NS-protagonists in the focus. In that course as many so far unexplored fields as possible will be illuminated. Thereby, a comprehensive overview of the time of the Nationals Socialist rule in the Voitsberg county, will be provided for the first time.