On 21.1.2015 in Austria a new law on reproductive medicine was introduced, which now allows the preimplantation genetic diagnosis and more equality between men and women in Austria. Like many areas of modern medicine, also the reproductive medicine and the associated human genetic studies are often topic in ethical discussions. In particular, the amendment of the Austrian law on reproductive medicine sparked this debate again in the media and politics.There is no full consensus, even within Parliament. In an international comparison, the content of the laws of the German-speaking countries in Europe already shows basic similarities, however, it still shows subtle differences in the field of preimplantation genetic diagnosis and oocyte donation. While due to the new FMedG, Austria can now offer the same starting point for couples such as Germany and Switzerland in terms of pre-implantation diagnosis, but the Austrian legislation appears to offer less flexibility than the German and Swiss law allows. How, for example, why not enhance the possibility of pre-implantation diagnosis to the indications for prenatal diagnosis? Or increase the age for recipients of egg donation? Therefore, this new law raises also new points of criticism in its strict remarks about preimplantation diagnosis and oocyte donation. These points should be rediscussed in the future and can contribute to a reduction in medical tourism to other countries and to greater social justice.